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[PR]上記の広告は3ヶ月以上新規記事投稿のないブログに表示されています。新しい記事を書く事で広告が消えます。

 明日から山に入るのでこれが最終更新になると思いますが、なにしろここしばらく真面目にやってたのは山に入るための装備の準備、登山ルートの設計、気象情報の収集(現在大雪中、雪崩がこあいぞ!!)、装備の最小化と軽量化、のフィールドテストこんなことばっかりなんで、とにかく体は疲れるし、集中しちゃってるから他のことをする気にならない。

 まあそんな中で、クライン婆さんに質問するくらいはさして頭を使う必要もない、息抜きには最適ちゅうことで質問してみた。
 ただ、問題の猿真似日記のアーティクルは、この人物の知ったか振りと駄法螺の集大成のような内容で、あまりにも突っ込みどころが多すぎ、多すぎと言うより、正常な記述がほとんどないもんだから、質問箇所を以下の数点に絞ったメールを送ってみた。

件名: ■2007/12/28 (金) ブット元首相暗殺中の日中会談、意味深長!? について
日付: Fri, 28 Dec 2007 18:18:55 +0900
差出人: "******@infoseek.jp" <******@infoseek.jp>
宛先: "****@***********.de" <****@***********.de>

 本日の「■2007/12/28 (金) ブット元首相暗殺中の日中会談、意味深長!? 」を読ませていただきましたが、そんな中で幾つか質問させていただきます。

 まず
> 現時点では、謎だが、英国=ブット、米国=ムシャラフ、ロシアがインドを、中国がパキスタンの背中を押している。
> これにタリバン、アルカイーダが絡み、アフガニスタンではタリバンが勢いを盛り返しはじめている。

とありますがなにも謎めいてはおらず、強いて謎と言えば、ブットを暗殺した勢力がどこかということだけではないですか?
また、これに関してはアルカイダが犯行声明を出してはいるようです、が果たしてそうであるかは定かではない。

 さて私には関係式の真意が理解できませんが、ブットを呼び戻したのは米国であり、ムシャラフに帰国後のブットの安全を保障するよう暗に認めさせたのも米国です。
その際の米国の真意は、ムシャラフとブットに中身はさておき装いとして非軍事独裁政権を運営させるこんな内容であったわけですが、帰国後突っ走るブットを見たムシャラフが「ブットとは連帯できない。」っと口走ったのが先月の中旬までの経緯です。
ですから、今日クラインさんがお書きになった上記の相関図というのは現実とはかなりかけ離れたものだと思うのですが、上記のようにお書きになる典拠がなんであるかお教えいただければ幸です。

 そしてタリバン、アルカーイダが絡みとありますが、これらはもともと一枚岩ですね。
そして盛り返すというよりも、大都市以外に対する政府の統治を不可能にしており、ここにおけるNATOの軍事作戦は全く奏功していない。
このことがアメリカのストレスであり、ブッシュやゲイツによるドイツ批判、最近ではフィッツギボンまでが公然とドイツを批判する、こういうことに繋がっているわけです。
また、これらの批判は八つ当たりとばかりも言えないところがあり、ドイツが担当している警察や治安部隊の育成が全く成功していないということがあります。
この状況というのは半年以上前からそうなのであり、クラインさんがその当時からお書きになる「ドイツのアフガン派兵は好評」という記述が一体なにを根拠とされるものであるか、一度お聞きしたいと思っていました。

 あとは注目すべき所見は見られないので端折りますが
> 最近、EUが水面下でタリバンと接触し始めたのも、タリバン・シンパの部族長とのある種の融和工作を図ろうとし、カルザイもその辺はうすうす、気がついていて、EU頼みに期待を掛けているように見える。
この部分、これはイギリス紙でもドイツ紙でもかなり詳しく報じられていますが、ある種の融和工作ではなく、カルザイ政権内の人物も同席のもと政権参加を呼びかけた、イギリスの弁明によればこんなことのようです。
真偽はさておき、このことがなにを意味するかと言えば、カルザイの実質切り捨てですからこれでカルザイが面白かろうはずがない、それが関係者二人の国外退去処分、理由は「好ましからざる人物」に繋がったと見るのが普通だと思います。

 そういう意味から言っても、今回のEUおよびMI6がやったことが暴露された秘密交渉に対してカルザイが「EU頼みに期待を掛けているように見える。」などとは決して見えないわけなのですが、クラインさんにそう見えるなにかがおありでしたらお示しください。

 さて、最後になりますが、「クライン孝子の日記」に示されるソース。
これが日本固有の事件に関するものである場合、ソースが日本のメディアであることに違和感はそんなには感じませんが、今回のブット暗殺事件などは明らかに日本における報道よりもEU諸国やアメリカで報じられる内容の方が量も多いし中身が濃いですね。
そして日本メディアの報道内容はそうした欧米メディアの報道の訳文であることが多い。
であるのに、ソースとしてクラインさんが示されるのは日本語メディアである、これはいかなる理由に拠るものなのでしょうか?

一読者
 ご覧のように、質問内容は非常にシンプルであり、書いたからにはなにか参考とした資料があるわけだからそれを摘示出来ないはずはないんだね。
そして、この質問状は、これを最後と決めていたんで、一番熱い質問を混ぜてあるんだが、その熱い質問とは一番最後の段落、『あんた一体取材や調査をヨーロッパでやったことあんのか?』という質問です。

 さて、お返事が来ました。

件名: Re: Re: ■2007/12/28 (金) ブット元首相暗殺中の日中会談、意味 深長!? について
日付: Fri, 28 Dec 2007 20:11:11 +0900
差出人: "Takako Klein" <****@***********.de>
宛先: "******@infoseek.jp" <******@infoseek.jp>

一読者様

ご質問に関しては一人勝手で独善的すぎ、お答えするに足る質問といえない。

余りにも欧州の様子をご存じなさすぎますね。
そこで、こちらからその事情をお電話ででも説明をさせていただこうと、
身分、本名、電話番号などお尋ねしましたのに、
それが出来ないとは、理由もないのに、難癖をつけるだけのお人としか思えません。


今少し欧州事情をお調べになった上で、ご質問される事をお薦めします。

これ以上は時間の無駄ですので失礼致します。

クライン孝子
 僕は慣れているんで爆笑しましたが、慣れない人だとこの返信読んだ途端に目眩がしてくるんじゃないですか?
そして少し正常な感覚を取り戻すと、このメールは実は僕宛のメールではなく、クライン婆さんの自爆メールなんじゃないかという感覚にとらわれるでしょう、それほどこの婆さんは実は『自分のことが能くわかっていた』んですねw

 たとえば『一人勝手で独善的すぎ』ですが、『一人勝手』、こんな日本語表記は先回の『歯が噛み合わない』と同様初めて目にするわけでして意味不明なんですが、ここは最大限の譲歩をして意訳をすればおそらく『手前勝手』とか『得手勝手』と同じような意味のつもりなんでしょう。
そうすると、僕の書いて送ったことが得手勝手で独善的だちゅうことを言いたいようなんですが、実は婆さんがこれを書き送ってきたので英文、独文のtipsを直ちに婆さん宛に送ってるんですわ、日本語で本文書いたんで理解出来なかったかも知れんと思って本文も英語でね。
しかしこれは当たり前にシカトして現在に至ってます、おそらく読めないんでしょう、原文では、ですから引用ソースが常に日本語ソースであるっと、たとえそれがEU圏内で起きた事象であっても、日本語メディアでフィルタリングや意訳された情報しかこの婆さんは入手出来ないちゅうことです。
だから朝日新聞のみならず産経新聞も歪曲や捏造をやっているという事実すら自分では検証出来ない。

 そして『欧州の様子をご存じなさすぎます』にしても『今少し欧州事情をお調べになった上で』にしても、今述べた事情ですからクライン婆さんそのものなんですね。

 さて、『そこで、こちらからその事情をお電話ででも説明をさせていただこうと、身分、本名、電話番号などお尋ねしましたのに、』ですが、先回のニュルンベルグ国際法廷に関するデッチ上げの時にも同じことを書いて送ってきました。

 しかし、余程の馬鹿でもない限り、こんな素性の知れない人物に個人情報を渡しませんって。
そしてこれは、この婆さんを、本人が主張するように、ジャーナリストであると規定した場合には極めて不誠実な裏取引を求めてきていることになりますね。
文字にしたことで始まっているわけですから文字で返すべきですよ、まず。
そしてそこに誤解や過剰がある場合には再度文字でやりとりする、それが手順という物ですよ。

 ここでまた僕は前回のニュルンベルグ国際裁判の件を持ち出しますが、あれも公式に非を認めて修正したんじゃなく、誰にも僕とのやりとりの経緯を説明することなく、こっそりと書き換えをやったんですね。
これはもう婆さんのリテラシーの問題ですよ。

 そして婆さんは本件はこのまま何事もなかったように放置するんでしょうが、前回はなんでこっそりとでも書き換えたか?
おそらくねらーか誰かに脅されたんじゃないですか? 
なにしろ『ドイツ政府が公式にニュルンベルグ国際裁判を否定し、政府として宣言をしている。』こんなこと書いちゃったわけですから、まあユダヤ人大量虐殺の否定やナチスの賛美には及んでいないにしろ、ニュルンベルクで裁かれた内容の一部を構成するナチス統治下の問題に関してこういうことを書けばドイツの国内法的にはかなりデリケートでしょう、ドイツ在住の有色人種にとっちゃw
しかし本件はそういう危険はない、ですからシカトするでしょう、それも織り込み済みです。

 まあ、これでクラインとはこういう婆さんなんだってことが皆さんの記憶の中に残っとけばそりゃそんでいいし、これ自体がそんなに時間のかかる作業でもないんで徒労とは思いません。
最後に僕がクライン孝子に送った参考資料をここに添付しておきますから暇な人は読んでみて下さい。

関連過去記事
うん国際○×△■▽□◎ファンの諸君へ
今日の知ったか振り日記
僕は稿料ではなく香料を上げようw
ジョン・ラーベを出汁に「良い子」を演出しようとするドイツ
まじで家族会を支援する気があるならこうは書けんのだがね
死人にカンカン能を踊らせる産経新聞:ダメ晋三へのインタビュー掲載
ブット暗殺、タリバン秘密交渉etcで相も変わらず出鱈目垂れ流す独逸出羽守(大爆

以下クライン孝子に送った参考資料
以下New York Timesより
U.S. Strategy for Pakistan Looks More Fragile
By HELENE COOPER
Published: November 10, 2007
WASHINGTON, Nov. 9 — In pushing for the deal that took Benazir Bhutto back to Pakistan, the Bush administration hoped to build a broader base of support that might help Gen. Pervez Musharraf stay in power.
But General Musharraf’s sweeping crackdown over the last week has raised questions about that strategy, not least when he sent thousands of police officers on Friday morning to prevent Ms. Bhutto from leading a protest rally against his imposition of de facto martial law.
The images coming out of Pakistan — of police forces blanketing the site of a planned rally by Ms. Bhutto, the opposition leader, and then barricading her inside her residence — were hardly consistent with the kind of cooperation the United States promoted.
Bush administration officials and Pakistani experts say they still believe that a power-sharing agreement between Ms. Bhutto and the general can survive. “We hope we’re seeing a little bit of political theater here,” a senior State Department official said.
By that the official meant Ms. Bhutto’s insistence on holding a rally, General Musharraf’s decision to barricade her in her house, and the subsequent speech by Ms. Bhutto to the nation that was broadcast on official Pakistani television.
But the danger, Bush administration officials said, is that the longer the public conflict — whether choreographed or not — continues, the more likely the chance that the proposed power-sharing deal collapses completely, leading to even more chaos.
The White House has urged General Musharraf to reverse his emergency power edicts. Publicly, the Bush administration complained in strong terms on Friday about Ms. Bhutto’s detention, urging that “moderate political forces work together to bring Pakistan back on the path to democracy.”
“In any decision-making with respect to getting Pakistan back on the road to democracy and constitutional rule, the bias should be in favor of greater openness and dialogue among those forces who want to take Pakistan in a positive direction,” the State Department spokesman, Sean McCormack, said. “The bias should be in favor of allowing peaceful expression of views no matter what they may be saying about the existing situation.”
But when speaking on the condition of anonymity, administration officials said they were worried that if Ms. Bhutto had gone ahead with her planned rally, she might have been killed.
Anne W. Patterson, the United States ambassador to Pakistan, urged Ms. Bhutto not to go ahead with the rally because of safety concerns, and General Musharraf’s subordinates told their American counterparts that they stopped the rally because they were concerned that Ms. Bhutto might be attacked by suicide bombers, as she was on the day of her arrival in Karachi last month, the senior State Department official said.
“We were concerned about her safety, as well as others, given the attack that occurred in Karachi,” said the official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak publicly.
This summer, the Bush administration began working behind the scenes to orchestrate a transition to democracy in Pakistan that would leave General Musharraf in the presidency while not making a mockery of President Bush’s attempts to push democracy in the Muslim world.
The American hope was that a power-sharing deal between General Musharraf and Ms. Bhutto would be the best way to do that. Ms. Bhutto, a former prime minister, is viewed as pro-American and is believed to have more popular support than the general.
But events in recent days have underscored fragility of the power-sharing plan, administration officials concede. For one thing, if Ms. Bhutto cannot hold a rally in public without risking a suicide bombing, how would she be able to campaign in an election, if General Musharraf ever gets around to scheduling one?
Administration officials have already begun talking with members of Ms. Bhutto’s Pakistan Peoples Party about staging political campaign rallies in stadiums and arenas, and not out in the streets, in order to address safety concerns.
This has put the Bush administration in the position of choosing between political freedom and security. So far, the United States has landed on the side of security — both in Ms. Bhutto’s case and in the larger battle against extremist forces in Pakistan.
In continuing to support General Musharraf even as he has cracked down on political dissidents and the press, the Bush administration has acquiesced to his argument that he is a bulwark helping to guard his country, and the United States, from Islamist extremists in Pakistan’s frontier provinces.
Moderate Pakistani analysts argue that a concerted American push for fair elections could produce a moderate pro-Western government with a stronger mandate to fight terrorism.
These analysts include people like Hasan-Askari Rizvi, a military expert in Lahore; Talat Masood, a political analyst and retired general; Rasul Baksh Rais, a leading Pakistani political scientist; and Talat Hussain, the director of news and current affairs at Aaj TV.
But continued discussion of a power-sharing agreement, they say, reinforces perceptions that the United States is manipulating Pakistan’s politics and that General Musharraf and Ms. Bhutto are its pawns.
They fear that American officials, convinced that General Musharraf is their only option in Pakistan, will eventually accept half-measures from the general. In that case, they said, the Pakistani leader would retain his post as army chief, the central source of his power, and win tightly controlled elections. The United States is underestimating popular discontent with military rule, they say, and the ability of open elections to stabilize the country.
It remains highly unlikely that the United States will withdraw any aid from Pakistan, administration officials said. Gordon D. Johndroe, a spokesman for the National Security Council, said that a review of aid was under way, but that there had been “some discussion of preliminary findings of that review.” That said, he suggested there would be no cuts. “The ultimate goal is not to punish the people of Pakistan; it’s to help them get back on a path to democracy,” he said.
Ultimately, administration officials are counting on their belief that Ms. Bhutto and General Musharraf need each other to survive politically.
“Benazir Bhutto desperately wants to be the prime minister, and Musharraf needs her vis-à-vis the United States,” said Robert Oakley, a former United States ambassador to Pakistan.
Mr. Oakley added: “Now I don’t think they’re going to make that work. But I don’t think that doesn’t mean they won’t try.”

Bhutto Calls for President to Resign
By DAVID ROHDE and JANE PERLEZ
Published: November 14, 2007
LAHORE, Pakistan, Nov. 13 — Hundreds of riot policemen blocked the opposition leader Benazir Bhutto and her supporters from setting out today on a planned march from Lahore across 160 miles of Punjab Province to the capital, Islamabad.
Ms. Bhutto, barricaded in her home here, called for the resignation of Pakistan’s president, Gen. Pervez Musharraf, in a telephone interview with CNN this morning. She told a group of reporters by telephone that her political party, which usually commands about one-third of the popular vote, will probably boycott the parliamentary elections planned for January, The Associated Press reported.
Ms. Bhutto told CNN that she and her party, the Pakistan People’s Party, were not in discussions with General Musharraf, either directly or indirectly, over a possible power-sharing agreement, which the United States had urged the two sides to reach.
Instead, Ms. Bhutto told the group of reporters, her party will pursue an alliance with other opposition groups, including its main rival, the Pakistan Muslim League of former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, to restore democracy.About 900 police officers surrounded the house where Ms. Bhutto is staying here. Workers from her political party who tried to cross police lines to reach her were arrested. Riot policemen sealed off the neighborhood using barbed wire and dump trucks loaded with sand.
Early in the day, a party spokesman, Farzana Raja, told reporters, “We will definitely try to come out,” and added about Ms. Bhutto, “She will definitely try to come out.” Minutes later, the police arrested Ms. Raja and several dozen other party workers.
Ms. Bhutto said in the telephone interview, “My plans have been taken out of my hands by force.”
Some 3,500 police officers were deployed around Lahore, and they arrested hundreds of Pakistan People’s Party workers. Riot police were stationed outside government buildings here as well, in anticipation of protests by Ms. Bhutto’s supporters.
The government has moved repeatedly to head off mass demonstrations planned by Ms. Bhutto and her party. The city of Rawalpindi was flooded with police on Friday to prevent a rally there, and on Monday, the government placed Ms. Bhutto under house arrest for seven days.
Other opposition groups have accused her of mounting only token protests while negotiating with General Musharraf. But a party vice-president, Yousuf Arza Giani, stood in front of police barriers today and told reporters that the party had broken off all talks with the government. “It’s really bad, xtremely bad,” he said.
A government spokesman, Tariq Azim Khan, citing intelligence reports, suggested that Ms. Bhutto could be a target for militants. She survived a suicide-bombing attack on her motorcade last month in Karachi when she returned to Pakistan, after eight years in self-imposed exile, to lead her party in parliamentary elections.
While it is generally agreed that a threat to her safety exists, though, General Musharraf is widely seen here as using it, and the larger specter of terrorism, as a pretext to expand his own powers and squelch all opposition. Officials of Ms. Bhutto’s party scoffed at the notion of an imminent threat. “It’s a drama — there is no reality to it,” a local spokeswoman said today.
The attack on Oct. 18 in Karachi killed about 140 party workers. The government has used that attack as public justification for stopping demonstrations, which it says are illegal under General Musharraf’s emergency-rule decree.
The Muslim League and another important opposition party, the Jamaat-e-Islaami, said on Monday that they would probably boycott the elections if emergency rule was still in place. General Musharraf said on Sunday that emergency rule would continue at least until the elections are held.
Ms. Bhutto was prime minister of Pakistan twice and was twice dismissed before she was able to complete her terms. In the CNN interview, she reiterated her desire to stay in the country. “I prefer to live in Pakistan in jail,” she said, “than to leave.”
Separately, foreign ministers from the Commonwealth of Britain and its former colonies said Pakistan would be suspended from the organization unless the decree was repealed and General Musharraf stepped down as army chief by Nov. 22, The Associated Press reported.

以下Financial Timesより
Imran Khan arrested in Pakistan protest

By Farhan Bokhari in Lahore, Jo Johnson in New Delhi and agencies
Published: November 13 2007 18:00 | Last updated: November 14 2007 08:04
Imran Khan, the Pakistani cricketer-turned-politician, was detained on Wednesday at an anti-government demonstration in Lahore. It was the first time he appeared in public since he escaped from house arrest on November 3, when emergency rule was imposed.
Mt Khan told AFP he was trying to start a student movement against emergency rule when he was arrested after more than a week in hiding.
”I came to the university to lead a rally of students against the dictator Musharraf and his illegal actions,” Mr Khan said.
A senior government official said on Wednesday that Benazir Bhutto, the former prime minister of Pakistan, would remain under house arrest for at least another day. ”The position for her will remain like this until at least tomorrow [Thursday]. Then the government will review what to do with her,” the official said on condition of anonymity.
Ms Bhutto on Tuesday withdrew a vital democratic lifeline from General Pervez Musharraf, Pakistan’s military ruler, saying she had pulled out of discussions over a power-sharing agreement and would refuse to head the government as long as he remained president.
“I have decided there can be no further negotiations,” the leader of Pakistan’s opposition, who has been under house arrest in Lahore since Monday, told the Financial Times by ­telephone.
“Back channel negotiations between the Pakistan People’s party and Musharraf ended after [the imposition of a state of] emergency. There’s no chance of those being revived.
“Democracy is the only way to stability for Pakistan. Musharraf is the obstacle in the way of attaining that ­stability.”
Ms Bhutto’s tough new stance would seem to have hammered the final nail into the coffin of hopes of a US-brokered power-sharing agreement between the army chief and the leader of the country’s largest political party.
This was designed to give a civilian face and broader legitimacy to Gen Musharraf’s increasingly unpopular military rule.
Ms Bhutto’s comments came as Washington announced that John Negroponte, deputy secretary of state, was heading out to Pakistan this week where he is expected to try to bring about a last-ditch reconciliation. It will be his second visit in a matter of weeks.
“We still think that there is room for moderate forces to work together because they all have a common enemy in the extremists who tried to kill President Musharraf, who also tried to kill Mrs Bhutto,” Condoleezza Rice, US secretary of state said on Tuesday. “The most important thing is to get out of this state of emergency.
“You can’t have free and fair elections with the kinds of restrictions on the media that you have, with the kinds of restrictions on assembly of opposition. So clearly, some things are going to have to change on the ground before those elections can be held,” Ms Rice said.
Analysts said the apparent collapse of the talks with Ms Bhutto would leave Gen Musharraf with nowhere to turn for support apart from Washington and the Pakistani army itself.
The US had supported the negotiations with Ms Bhutto, judging she could help broaden Gen Musharraf’s political support base at a time when his handpicked government has been struggling to address underlying societal problems that have contributed to the growth of Islamist extremism, such as the proliferation of radical madrassahs.
The PPP, which won more votes than any other party in 2002, on Tuesday said it was considering boycotting the forthcoming election. Gen Musharraf on Sunday night said the poll would now be held by January 9, but gave no commitment to lift the martial law conditions he imposed on November 3.
“There’s a total trust deficit,” Ms Bhutto said. “I will not serve as prime minister as long as Musharraf is president...There’s no question now of getting this back on track because anyone who is associated with Musharraf gets contaminated.”


以下REUTERSより
Pakistan opposition tries to unite against Musharraf

Wed Nov 14, 2007 5:40pm EST
By Zeeshan Haider
ISLAMABAD (Reuters) - Pakistani opposition parties tried to forge a united front on Wednesday against military president Pervez Musharraf, who insisted his state of emergency was vital for fair elections.
Police detained cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan after he emerged from hiding to lead a student protest against Musharraf, who declared emergency rule in nuclear-armed Pakistan on November 3, suspending the constitution, getting rid of hostile judges, rounding up opponents and curbing the media.
"We are ready to set aside our differences with the People's Party," former prime minister Nawaz Sharif told Reuters by telephone from Saudi Arabia, referring to the party of another former prime minister, Benazir Bhutto.
Bhutto, who had been in power-sharing talks with Musharraf for months, returned home in October from eight years of self-imposed exile and aimed to work with the president on a transition to civilian rule.
Then came the crackdown. After police stifled a protest by Bhutto on Tuesday and put her under house arrest, she announced her talks with Musharraf were over, and for the first time called on him to step down as president as well as army chief.
She also contacted old rivals including Islamist alliance leader Qazi Hussain Ahmed and Sharif's party to try to unite on a "minimum agenda"; the ouster of Musharraf and formation of a neutral government to organisorganizee fair elections, an aide said.
"I'm sending this letter to leaders of different parties, to invite them to Karachi on November 21 and I'd like to work with them in sharing views with what could be a common agenda for all of us to rally around," Bhutto told Reuters by telephone.
She said her party might boycott a parliamentary election Musharraf has promised to hold by January 9 and would discuss that with opposition colleagues next week.
Sharif and Bhutto were bitter rivals during the late 1980s and 1990s. They each served two terms as prime minister until Musharraf ousted Sharif in 1999.

Both faced corruption charges, which they denied.
Underscoring the difficulty of uniting a fractious opposition, students loyal to religious alliance leader Ahmed briefly detained Imran Khan when he emerged from hiding to lead a campus protest in Lahore. Police later detained Khan.

"EMERGENCY NECESSARY"
Under pressure from the United States and other allies to move towards democracy, Musharraf, who took power in a 1999 coup, said at the weekend the national election would take place. He did not say when the constitution would be restored or the emergency lifted.
He said he would quit as army chief and be sworn in as a civilian president as soon as the Supreme Court, where judges regarded as friendly to the government have been appointed, ruled on challenges by legislators to his October re-election.
The attorney general said the court was expected to reach a ruling around the end of next week.
Bhutto said Musharraf's promise to quit the army soon was too vague: "We need a firm date."
U.S. Deputy Secretary of State John Negroponte, who last week warned against cutting aid to an "indispensable" ally, is due in Pakistan on Friday or Saturday and is expected to meet Musharraf and to urge him to end the emergency, the U.S. State Department said.
"In an environment marked by terrorism and suicide attacks, the state of emergency was necessary for the holding of peaceful, free and honest elections," Musharraf told Le Monde on Wednesday.
He told Britain's Sky News he had considered resigning but now felt he was the man to lead Pakistan to democracy. Sky, the last foreign news channel available on cable in Pakistan, went off the air shortly after broadcasting that news.
"We continue to call on him to lift it (the emergency) immediately," a White House spokeswoman told reporters. "We think that would be in the best interest of the Pakistanis."
Police have used batons and tear gas to break up small protests since the emergency was declared but there has been no major violence.
Analysts say Bhutto's refusal to deal with Musharraf had isolated the president, though he retained the crucial backing of the army and the support of a disparate group of politicians expected to do badly in the polls.
Pakistani shares ended 2.24 percent down on political worries while the rupee edged to a three-year low.



以下The Sunday Timesより
For us ze war is over by tea time, jaJerome Starkey
November 18, 2007
THEY are on the front line of the war on terror, but German pilots facing the Taliban are insisting they stop at tea time every day to comply with health and safety regulations.
The helicopter pilots, who provide medical back-up to Nato ground troops, set off for their base by mid-afternoon so they can be grounded by sundown.
Their refusal to fly in the dark is hampering Operation Desert Eagle, an allied offensive, which involves 500 Nato-led troops plus 1,000 Afghan troops and police.
Although Germany has sent 3,200 troops to Afghanistan, they operate under restrictive rules of engagement.
They spend much of their time in an enormous base, complete with beer halls and nightclubs, in Mazar-e-Sharif, a 90-minute flight from the fighting. They also have a base at Kunduz.
Germany, which has lost 25 soldiers in Afghanistan to suicide attacks and roadside bombs, commands the Nato-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in the north. But its men are not allowed to travel more than two hours from a “role two medical facility” - a hospital equipped for emergency surgery.
The restrictions have fuelled tensions among allied troops. Norwegian soldiers, who were fighting to stem a growing Taliban insurgency in this remote stretch of Afghanistan’s northwest frontier, were forced to desert their Afghan comrades midway through a firefight when German medical evacuation helicopters withdrew.
The Germans contribute unmanned surveillance planes, an electronic warfare team and a hospital to the operation.
One Norwegian cavalry officer, who was engaged in a day-long fight with more than 40 Taliban near Jari Siya in Badghis, said: “It’s hopeless. We were attacking the bad guys, then [at] three or four o’clock, the helicopters are leaving.
“We had to go back to base. We should have had Norwegian helicopters. At least they can fly at night.”
Abandoned by their western allies, the 600 men from the Afghan army’s 209 Corps were forced to retreat until a convoy of American Humvees arrived the next day to reinforce them.



以下SPIEGELより
BUNDESWEHR IN AFGHANISTAN
Norweger nehmen Deutsche gegen Vorwürfe in Schutz
19. November 2007
Von Yassin Musharbash und Anna Reimann

Mitten im Gefecht gegen die Taliban soll die Bundeswehr norwegische und afghanische Verbündete im Stich gelassen haben. In der norwegischen Presse sorgte der Bericht für Aufregung - doch das Militär in Oslo ist voll des Lobes über die Deutschen.
Berlin - Die Dame vom Verteidigungsforschungsinstitut in Oslo, das das norwegische Militär in aktuellen Fragen berät, weiß von nichts. Kritik der Norweger an den Deutschen in Afghanistan? Davon habe sie noch nie etwas gehört. Im Gegenteil: Man sei in Norwegen sehr glücklich darüber, dass ein deutscher Arzt erst in der vergangenen Woche einem norwegischen Soldaten in Afghanistan das Leben gerettet habe. Nur Lob - alles andere müsse ein Missverständnis sein.
Eine Meldung vom Wochenende sagt etwas anderes: Kürzlich hätten die Deutschen norwegische und afghanische Soldaten im Gefecht allein zurückgelassen (mehr...). Deutsche Sanitätshubschrauber seien während der Kampfhandlungen einfach zurück ins Lager geflogen - die Operation habe deshalb abgebrochen werden müsssen, lautete die Behauptung in der "Sunday Times". Und weiter: Die Bundeswehr behindere Nato-Operationen in Afghanistan, weil es ein Nachtflugverbot für deutsche Piloten von Sanitätshelikoptern gebe. Regelmäßig flögen diese deshalb am Nachmittag zurück in die Basis, damit die Maschinen bei Sonnenuntergang im Hangar stünden.

Die Bundeswehr dementiert
Das Einsatzführungskommando der Bundeswehr wies diese Darstellung bereits gestern zurück: Es gebe keinesfalls ein Nachtflugverbot für deutsche Piloten von Sanitätshelikoptern in Afghanistan, sagte ein Sprecher SPIEGEL ONLINE. Sie seien dafür ausgerüstet und solche Einsätze würden regelmäßig geübt. Eher als die Dunkelheit machten gelegentlich "klimatische Bedingungen" das Fliegen problematisch.
Doch die "Sunday Times" zitierte auch einen Kronzeugen: einen norwegischen Offizier, der an besagter Schlacht beteiligt gewesen war, die vor etwa drei Wochen im Nordwesten Afghanistans stattfand (mehr...). "Wir griffen die bösen Jungs an, und dann, um drei oder vier Uhr, verlassen uns die (deutschen, Anmerkung der Red.) Helikopter. Wir mussten zu unserer Basis zurückkehren. Wir sollten norwegische Helikopter haben. Die können wenigstens auch bei Nacht fliegen."

Aufruhr in der norwegischen Presse
Der britische Artikel sorgte auch in der norwegischen Presse für Aufregung: "Norwegische Soldaten von deutschen Piloten im Stich gelassen", titelt die Zeitung "Dagbladet" in ihrer Online-Ausgabe. "Während norwegische Soldaten mitten im Kampf waren, machten sich die deutschen Hubschrauber auf den Heimweg, bevor es dunkel wurde", schreibt die "Aftenposten" auf ihrer Homepage.

Aber was genau ist dran an den Vorwürfen?

Details zu dem konkreten Vorfall kenne er leider nicht, sagt der norwegische Oberstleutnant John Inge Øglænd zu SPIEGEL ONLINE. Tatsache sei aber, dass die Operation, über die die "Times" berichtet, keinesfalls abrupt gestoppt wurde. "Wie der Offizier auf dem Schlachtfeld zu dieser Einschätzung kam, kann ich nicht nachvollziehen", sagt Øglænd. Zudem sei der Abflug der deutschen Hubschrauber absolut nicht überraschend gekommen, die norwegischen Kommandeure in Afghanistan wüssten über die Restriktionen der Deutschen Bescheid. Die norwegische Armee beziehe sie bei all ihren Planungen mit ein.
Der norwegische Militär nahm die deutschen Einsatzkräfte überdies gegen jede Kritik in Schutz: Wann immer norwegische Truppen in Afghanistan die Hilfe Deutschlands gebraucht hätten, hätten sie diese in der Vergangenheit bekommen.

Lob aus Oslo für die Bundeswehr
"Wir sind uns darüber im Klaren, dass Deutschland mit seinen mehr als 3000 Soldaten, all der Ausrüstung und dem Know-how einen extrem wichtigen Beitrag leistet. Der ganze Einsatz im Norden Afghanistans wäre sehr schwierig, wenn Deutschland nicht so gute Arbeit leisten würde." Das deutsche Krankenhaus in Masar-i-Sharif etwa sei besser ausgestattet als manches Krankenhaus in Norwegen, so der Militär. "Es gibt absolut keine Konflikte zwischen deutschen und norwegischen Soldaten in Afghanistan - im Gegenteil. Das haben mir gerade norwegische Offiziere bestätigt, die am Hindukusch sind."
Diese Darstellung deckt sich mit der Information des deutschen Einsatzführungskommandos, das SPIEGEL ONLINE gestern bestätigt hatte, es gebe keine offizielle Beschwerde aus Norwegen.
Aus der Abhängigkeit der Deutschen will man sich in Norwegen trotzdem befreien: Es sei bereits entschieden, dass erstmals norwegische Hubschrauber nach Afghanistan geschickt würden, sagte Øglænd SPIEGEL ONLINE. Drei Hubschrauber sollten im kommenden Jahr dort eingesetzt werden.
Die Bundeswehr wird das nicht stören: Schon mehrmals habe man Oslo gebeten, Helikopter an den Hindukusch mitzubringen, hieß es aus Bundeswehrkreisen.

US DISAPPOINTED WITH POLICE TRAINING
Gates Slams Germany over Afghanistan Role
December 12, 2007
The US Defense Secretary Robert Gates has harshly criticized the US's NATO allies for not stepping up to the plate in Afghanistan. He singled out German-led police training efforts as "disappointing."
US Defense Secretary Robert Gates has slammed the United States' NATO allies for not doing enough to stabilize Afghanistan, indirectly criticizing Germany for "disappointing" efforts to train police.
Speaking to the US House of Representatives Armed Services Committee Tuesday, Gates had sharp words for the US's NATO allies. "I am not ready to let NATO off the hook in Afghanistan at this point," he said, talking of his "frustration" at "our allies not being able to step up to the plate."
Gates indirectly criticized Germany, without mentioning the country by name, saying: "The European effort on the police training has been, to be diplomatic, ... disappointing." Since 2002, Germany has been responsible for coordinating the establishment of a professional Afghan police force. Gates described the police force as suffering from "corruption and illiteracy."
According to Gates, one of the most pressing needs in Afghanistan is for about 3,500 extra trainers for the Afghan police. The US has had to divert some of its trainers from the Afghan army to the police, because the EU did not come through, he said. Gates said he would push for more resources, particularly to train Afghan security forces, at a meeting in Scotland this week with NATO defense ministers.
The EU launched a police mission in Afghanistan -- known as Eupol Afghanistan -- in June 2007 under German leadership (more...). The mission, which is headed by the German Jürgen Scholz, is aimed at building up and training the Afghan police force.
However, the EU trainer numbers fall far short of what Gates says is necessary. The EU has agreed to send 195 police trainers from 25 member states. By the beginning of November, however, not even half of them had arrived in Kabul. Germany currently has a mere 40 or so trainers on the ground. Even plans to increase numbers in 2008 will only bring the level up to around 60 trainers.
Gates' stern remarks are the latest manifestation of the Bush administration's frustration with what it sees as an overly passive NATO reponse to the Taliban. US officials have repeatedly called on other NATO members to provide more troops as well as military and police trainers -- without much success.
In equally frank testimony to the committee, Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said the US military was limited in what it could do in Afghanistan because it was stretched by the Iraq war. "In Afghanistan, we do what we can. In Iraq, we do what we must," said Mullen. "The war in Afghanistan is, by design and necessity, an economy-of-force operation. There's no getting around that. ... Our main focus, militarily, in the region and in the world right now is rightly and firmly in Iraq."
The US currently has some 160,000 troops in Iraq and around 26,000 in Afghanistan. Around half of the US troops in Afganistan form part of NATO's 40,000-strong security assistance force, with the rest performing roles ranging from training to counter-terrorism.
Gates qualified his criticism of NATO allies by praising British, Canadian and Australian forces, saying they had "more than stepped up" in combat roles in Afghanistan's violent south. "We should not use a brush that paints too broadly in terms of speaking of our allies and friends," he said. Germany's troops, however, are stationed mainly in the relatively peaceful north of Afghanistan -- something which has been criticized by Germany's allies in the past.
Gates also said he hoped an international envoy would soon be found who could improve the coordination of aid and reconstruction efforts in Afghanistan. "A strong civilian representative is needed to coordinate all nations and key international organizations on the ground," said Gates. British politician Paddy Ashdown, an ex-soldier and a former UN envoy to Bosnia, is one of the favorites for the position.


以下AFPより
Allies losing Afghanistan war, Australian minister warns: report

17/12/2007 08h10
SYDNEY (AFP) - Australia's new government has warned NATO and its allies they will lose the war against hardline Taliban forces in Afghanistan unless they urgently change tactics, a report said Monday.
The country's new Defence Minister Joel Fitzgibbon issued the stark warning at a meeting in Edinburgh last week of eight nations engaged in the conflict, including the United States, The Australian newspaper said.
The coalition of NATO and allied forces engaged in the conflict since 2001 must overhaul military and civil programmes aimed at fostering stability in the troubled country if they are to win the conflict, he cautioned.
The minister's comments to the closed-door gathering were based on classified intelligence assessments prepared for the previous Australian government of John Howard which painted a bleak picture of the Afghan conflict.
"The previous government would have us believe that good progress is being made in Afghanistan. The reality is quite a different one," Fitzgibbon told The Australian after returning from the meeting in Britain.
"We are winning the battles and not the war, in my view. We have been very successful in clearing areas of the Taliban but it's having no real strategic effect," he said.
Fitzgibbon also told the meeting in Edinburgh, attended by US Defence Secretary Robert Gates, that while NATO and its allies had been successfully "stomping on lots of ants, we have not been dealing with the ants' nest".
"We need much more than a military response," he said. "This is largely about winning the hearts and minds of the more moderate of the Taliban and other sections of the Afghan community," he said.
Fitzgibbon took office two weeks ago after the new centre-left government of Prime Minister Kevin Rudd was sworn in following its sweeping election victory against conservative Howard, whose government was closely allied to Washington.
Rudd was elected on promises to withdraw Australia's combat troops from Iraq but to continue the fight against the Taliban in Afghanistan, where Canberra has around 900 troops.
In Edinburgh last week, Fitzgibbon expressed frustration that some NATO nations were failing to pull their weight in the fight against the insurgency in southern Afghanistan, where the once vanquished Taliban are resurgent.
"We have been frustrated about that for a long, long time," Fitzgibbon said in the Scottish capital, ruling out any increase in Australian troop numbers while some nations, which he did not name, were not pulling their weight.
"We believe there is a lack of coherent strategy and, of course, we are frustrated by the fact that some NATO nations, in our view, are not doing enough or making a sufficient contribution to the campaign."
Australia's troop contingent in Afghanistan mostly assist a Dutch-led reconstruction operation in the southern Afghan province of Uruzgan, a former Taliban stronghold.
Meanwhile Afghan police said Monday that security forces supported by international troops killed more than 20 Taliban insurgents during a hunt for rebel hideouts in southern Afghanistan.
Nearly 10 other militants were injured and four detained during the operation in southern Kandahar province's Zhirai district on Sunday, the Kandahar police chief, Sayed Agha Saqeb told AFP.
"We and the coalition had a joint operation against Taliban in that area. Yesterday (Sunday) we came in contact with the enemy and over 20 enemy were killed," the police commander said.
He was referring to the US-led coalition force which has over 15,000 troops based in Kandahar mainly helping local security forces hunting remnants of the Taliban who are waging a deadly insurgency.
A separate force of over 40,000 Western troops operates in Afghanistan under the command of the NATO's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF).
It was not possible to verify the police chief's figure independently and officials from the Western military forces were not immediately available for comment.
PR
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